Online resources

Online resources on Diplomatics, stand Febr. 2022

1. Research and Teaching tools

1.1. Generally over the Middle Ages 
The largest online free bibliography on the Middle Ages
NEW New cross-disciplinary repository and science blog on Medieval Studies.
Online resources on the Middle Ages

[Contra] Taedium
This site under construction, hosted by the Universitat de Barcelona, offers access to different possibilities : a directory of Catalan cultural institutions (archives, libraries, museums…) ; pages for students (typology of medieval documents, introduction to Latin…)

1.2. About Diplomatics (for France only; up to 2004).
Bibliographies on the “historical auxiliary sciences” (“historische Grundwissenschaften”)
Courses, exercises, bibliographies for students in diplomatics, palaeography…
Collaborative handbook on medieval diplomatics (based on the reading, transcription, study and commentary of documents)
Kleine Archivalienkunde in Beispielen, Staatliche Archive Bayerns. A German language introduction into various types of sources present in the State Archives of Bavaria, including several different kinds of charters.
Südwestdeutsche Archivalienkunde, Landesarchiv Baden-Württemberg. A similar ressource by the State Archives of Baden Württemberg, though even more extensive (includes narrative sources).
Portal to the Spanish scientific publications online
Vocabulary of the study of the medieval Literacy
Database giving access to the regests of the Chartae Latinae Antiquiores

1.3. Palaeography and other “auxiliary sciences”
DigiPal. Digital Resource and Database of Palaeography, Manuscript Studies and Diplomatic. Online resource for viewing and comparing manuscripts from 11th Century England. Being mostly an asset in palaeography, this may nevertheless be interesting for students of diplomatic.
Cappelli Online. As an essential asset for students of palaeography, this database on abbreviations in medieval manuscripts may be useful in diplomatics as well.

1.4. Chronology
Zeitrechnung des Deutschen Mittelalters und der Neuzeit (Grotefend Online). An online German language introduction into medieval chronology.
A French database for translating medieval dates

2. Databases of digitized charters and other diplomatic documents

2. 1. General databases

Monasterium is a digital meta-collections with more than 500 000 medieval charters from different European countries.
DEEDS-database (Documents of Early England Data Set): initially, English charters, nut the Deeds-database is now extended to other European countries.
The Cartae Europeae Medii Aevi offers many search possibilities in the text of dozens of thousands of medieval charters

2.2. National and regional databases

Crossborderarchives SK-AT : hundreds of medieval municipal books from Slovak and Austrian Archives

Charters from Belgium, Luxembourg and Northern France (departments Nord and Pas-de-Calais) until 1250. Mainly regests, but also many texts and photographs (of originals)


Charters from the Anglo-Saxon period (until 1066), mainly, but not only, royal acts


Database of French cartularies
Database with photographs and texts of French (i. e. modern France) original charters prior to 1120*&rows=10
Database with texts of ca. 45,000 French charters prior to 1300
Charters written in “French” (different languages: “oïl”, “oc”, “franco-provençal”…)

French regional collections

Corpus of diplomatic and narrative texts, including photographs of manuscripts

Digitization of editions of cartularies in “Île-de-France”


Database with photographs of German (i. e. Roman-German Empire) original charters prior to 1250

German regional collections

Updated version of the printed volumes of the Württembergisches Urkundenbuch

Codex diplomaticus Saxoniae: pdf versions of the printed volumes of the CDS

Database of the The Hungarian National Archive presenting images of and further information on Hungarian medieval charters prior to the battle of Mohács in 1526. Completely in Hungarian, so you’ll have to be willing to spend a lot of time on Google Translate unless you speak the language.

Reproduction of registers of Genoan notaries (preserved at the Archivio di Stato di Genoa)

Italian regional collection:

Edition of corpus of charters, mainly from Lombard churches.

Edition and reproduction of 22 registers of the chancery of the counts of Holland, 14th cent. (about 3500 charters)

Dutch regional collection:

300 charters until 1312 (regests, texts, photographs)


The “Models of Authority: Scottish Charters and the Emergence of Government” database propose photographs and studies of Scottish charters until 1250.

Slovakia : 3440 medieval charters from archives in the Slovak Republik (only digitizates and regests at:|1525-12-31&sort=time_from&sort_mode=1 )
Crossborderarchives SK-AT : hundreds of medieval municipal books from Slovak and Austrian Archives


Switzerland : database of the charters of St-Gallen prior to 1000

Pontifical Acts
Regests to the acts issued by the popes to 1198 (Regesta pontificum Romanorum online)
Regests to the acts issued by the popes (800 to 1058 and 1191 to 1195)
Electronic (but not free) version of the Registres et lettres des Papes du XIIIe siècle and the Registres et lettres des Papes du XIVe siècle published by the Ecole Française de Rome, with also some unpublished material.
Database giving access to more than 20,000 papal letters, from the beginnings of the Church to the 18th cent., but mainly from the 13th cent.

Royal and Imperial Acts
This page lists all images published online or printed of imperial and royal charters of the Frankish Empire and its successor states. Where available, links to online editions and regestae are provided as well.

Acts issued by King Philip III (1270-1285)
Acts issued by King Philip IV (1285-1314)

Digitized version of Theodor von Sickel’s and Heinrich von Sybel’s fundamental volume of plates from 1891 on imperial charters in the Middle Ages. It offers images and commentaries for 364 charters.
Regests to the acts issued by the Roman-German Emperors and Kings of Germany (Regesta Imperii)

3. Online texts editions

A general list: Catalog of Digital Scholarly Editions

Edition, in progress, of the “White Cartulary” of Saint-Denis abbey
Accounts of castellanies in Savoie

Edition of Genoan notaries’ registers

This page offers digital editions and translations of treatises on privileges, charter doctrines and model charters from the 11th up to the 13th century.

4. Portals of Archives Departments

You will only find here the portals to national archives. Digitized charters and other documents (mainly photographs, often with regests) are to be found on websites of local archives.

For instance (French examples): (charters of Clairvaux abbey, cartularies, registers of the officiality of Troyes…)

Archives départementales de la Loire-Atlantique (“Trésor des chartes” of the dukes of Britanny, registers of the chancery of the dukes, seals…) (original charters of Alsace prior to 1250)



Portal to references of charters preserved on Dutch archives: about 188,000 charters, from which about 36,000 with picture (no texts, but references to the editions). See: Jan Burgers en Rik Hoekstra, ‘De Digitale Charterbank Nederland. Grootschalige digitale bronontsluiting en het historisch onderzoek’, Bijdragen en Mededelingen betreffende de Geschiedenis der Nederlanden/Low Countries Historical Review 136-3 (2021), p. 99-119 . DOI:​.

Portal to spanish archives, with regests and photographs of documents preserved in Spanish State archives.

5. Digitized Manuscripts

The first go-to ressources are the homepages of the various (national) libraries that preserve manuscripts, to which som portals can be added.
The « Bibliothèque Virtuelle des Manuscrits Médiévaux » gives access to the photographs of thousands of medieval manuscripts, mainly preserved in France
Registers of the French Royal “Trésor des Chartes”
Ressources for manuscripts in Switzerland
Ressources for manuscripts in Austria (digitized manuscripts at:
Ressources for manuscripts in Gemany
800 digitized manuscripts between 700 and 1200, from England and France

6. Main resource centers on digital diplomatics

Munich, Monumenta Germaniae Historica:

Paris, École des Chartes:

Paris, Institut de Recherche et d’Histoire des Textes: and

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